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大學英語四級中??嫉膸追N倒裝結構總結

2012-11-02 08:45

來源:沈陽新東方

作者:小編

1) 當表示否定或基本否定的詞或詞組位于句首作狀語時用倒裝。這類詞或詞組常用的有:never, nowhere, seldom, rarely, little, hardly, scarcely, barely, not until, not only, by no means, in no time, under no circumstances, under no condition, in no way, in no case, at no time, on no account等。

Never have I heard it before.

Nowhere can I find my lost watch.

Under no circumstance should a student cheat in the exam.

Not only was Churchill a statesman, but also a poet.

Note: 當 “no sooner … than”和“hardly/scarcely … when/before”位于句首時用倒裝。該結構表示“一…就…”,在時態上主句一般用過去完成時,when或than引導的從句用一般過去時。

Hardly/Scarcely had I got home when/before the bell rang.

No sooner had the performance begun than the lights went out.


2) 當here, there, then, thus, only, hence, little等副詞位于句首,句中主、謂用倒裝。

Here is the book for you.

There goes the bell.

Then came the order to take off.

Thus arose the division between the developed and developing countries.


3) 當 “so/such … that”結構中的so或such 位于句首時用倒裝。

So cold was it at night that I could hardly fall asleep.

Such was the force of explosion that all the windows were broken.


4) 分句以so, neither, nor, no more等副詞位于句首,表明前面句子中所說明的情況也使用于后面的句子時用倒裝。

Copper is a good conductor. So are many other metals.

He didn’t see the film last night, neither did she.

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